How To Prevent Omicron BA.4 And BA.5 Variants, Recognize The Symptoms

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The World Health Organization (WHO) has officially announced a new form of Covid-19 named BA.4 and BA.5 which will take effect from May 12, 2022.

This is because the variant, which was first discovered in South Africa, quickly and widely spread to different countries and increased in incidence.

Even with Indonesia’s involvement, Omicron is growth driven by options BA.4 and BA.5.

Health Minister Boodi Gunadi Sadikin said the peak incidence of BA.4 and BA.5 variants is expected to occur in July.

“(The peak) was a month after it was detected, namely the third to fourth week of July and then it fell again,” said the Minister of Health at Rashtrapati Bhavan in Bogor, West Java. Thursday (16/6). /2022), quote from

According to, from a preliminary study in Europe, the changes in the characteristics of this new form, apart from being more contagious, are able to evade immunity even after contracting COVID-19 from the previous version.

However, these findings are preliminary and further studies are needed, and there is no indication that this variant causes more severe symptoms.

According to the European Centers for Disease Prevention and Control, the chances of transmission may be lower if a person has been vaccinated compared to a person who has not been infected.

Covid-19 Official Spokesperson Prof. Viku Edissmito explained, to anticipate new options in the future, the government will continue its whole-genome sequencing (WGS) efforts, conduct epidemiological studies on the distribution of variants, and ensure the effectiveness of test equipment, especially on inputs.

“Hopefully we can identify and process cases properly with new options,” Veeku answered in response to media questions, Tuesday (14/6/2022) in a virtual press statement, which was delivered by the President through the official YouTube channel. from the Secretariat. ,

How to Terminate Omicron BA.4 and BA.5 Options?

So far, there have been 8 cases related to BA.4 and BA.5 in Indonesia related to the new variant.

In principle, the emergence of new options in countries is inevitable.

However, its spread can be prevented by following health protocols and living a clean and healthy lifestyle.

Epidemiological surveillance will continue to be carried out by the government to monitor the development of new options and analyze new options from various countries so that they can take appropriate policy steps in the future.

And, according to experience with new options in the past, it is important for one to raise personal awareness about implementing health protocols.

Apply according to applicable regulations and immediately vaccinate for those who do not.

Because experts agree that vaccines are still effective enough to increase protection against many new forms.

“Of course we hope that despite the discovery of new variants, there will not be a significant increase in the number of cases. Because in theory, cases caught must go through an isolation process until they are negative/cured. “Done,” Viku explained.

Omikron BA.4 and BA.5 . symptoms of

The Ministry of Health noted that 8 cases of subvariant BA.4 (2 people) and BA.5 (6 people) were registered.

Not only adults, children can also be infected with this virus.

“As long as there is a receptor, it can be (infectious). So there is no difference between children and adults,” said Dr Erlina Burhan, SPP(K), Sunday (12/12/6/2022), head of the Infection Working Group of the Indonesian Lung Union (PDPI) Headquarters. ) . ,

According to Erlina, the Omicron version has a shorter incubation period of one to three days.

Patients exposed to the Omicron variant may experience a variety of symptoms, including:

– Cough (85 percent)

– Fatigue (65 percent)

– Nasal congestion (59 percent)

– Fever (38 percent)

– Nausea or vomiting (22 percent)

– Shortness of breath (16 percent)

– diarrhea (11 percent)

Anosmia or ageusia (8 percent)

According to him, experts agree that the symptoms of BA.4 and BA.5 will be similar to the previous subvariance, based on reports from different countries.

“So the symptoms are similar to other Omicrons. Because it is actually a derivative of Omicron, the symptoms are not much different,” explained Erlina.

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